Cryptozoology is the science that studies cryptid animals, that is, they do not figure in classical zoology. Its name comes from “cryptos” or hidden and the animal word; so this term was coined by the zoologist Bernard Heuvelmans in 1955.
The official science has refused to accept cryptozoology as a science, but as a pseudoscience, since they consider that there is not enough truthful evidence to confirm the existence of a cryptid.
One of these cryptid animals is sea serpents. They have come to be studied by cryptozoology.
Findings of sea serpents and sightings
Cryptozoologist Bruce Champagne identified more than 1,200 alleged sightings of sea serpents. There are those who explain that they are only animals known as the oarfish, eel shark, among others. However, cryptozoologists suggest that sea serpents are plesiosaurs.
One of the best-known marine snakes is Jormungandr, belonging to Greek mythology. It was believed that it surrounded the entire world. So it was believed that some islands were the back of one of these beings.
It is said that St. Olaf killed one of these snakes in Valldel (Norway) and launched his body on the Syltefjellet mountain, so the marks of that mountain associate them with the legend.
The Swedish writer Olan Magnus made his Marine Chart, a map about the Nordic countries with details and names of places. In it, he included many of these marine beings, including an immense sea serpent.
In the Bible (Old Testament) we are told of a serpent-like sea monster called Leviathan; describing it as capable of deriving whole ships quickly.
In New England, since 1638, alleged sightings of marine snakes are mentioned. One of these was that of officers of HMS Daedalus in August 1848 during a trip in the South Atlantic, on the island of Santa Elena. They describe it as 18 meters long, with a peculiar “mane” on its head. This incident caused a stir in London and Sir Richard Owen, a biologist, cataloged it as a sea elephant.
On the coast of Brazil, in 1905, a crew of Valhalla and two naturalists, Michael J. Nicoll and EGB Meade-Waldo, claim to have seen a creature with the appearance of a turtle, with a long neck and a dorsal fin. To this sighting, Bernard Heuvelmans catalogs it as a species of marine mammal. The most skeptical think it is a giant squid, although it is known that these do not swim with fins or arms sticking out of the water.
As recently as April 25, 1977, the Japanese trawler, Zuiyo Maru, was sailing east of Christchurch, New Zealand, trapping a supposedly unknown creature. Initially, it was classified as a plesiosaur, but later analyzes determined that it was a peregrine shark in a state of decomposition.
Over time, a large majority of cryptozoologists understand that there are cases that are simple errors in determining that they were cryptid animals.
However, they recognize that there are other reports of sightings in which there is no resemblance to any known species.
Skeptics think it is imagination or exaggeration of those who claim to have witnessed such sightings.
There are no photos, videos or scientific evidence that conclusively prove the existence of these cryptid animals; On the other hand, those who say they have seen them are convinced of their existence and their description of them does not resemble any known animal.
The truth is that today the mystery continues. Judge yourself according to the findings and issue your own judgment.